The southern Chinese city of Guangzhou is located in central southern Guangdong province, and is not only the capital of the province, but also its political, economic, technological, educational, and cultural center. The city also forms the northern angle of the Pearl River Delta, and is close to the downstream entrance to the Pearl River Basin. Guangzhou boasts more than two thousand years of history, and has played an important role in China's history and culture; it is China's oldest external trade portal, a starting point for the country's maritime Silk Road, and has earned its name as a city of eternal commerce. It is a fine representation of Lingnan culture, and Guangfu culture flourished here; with Beijing and Shanghai, it is one of China's three major cities.
Shamian is a popular tourist spot, scenic area and leisure resort in Guangzhou. This lush verdant island, with over 150 species of trees, offers fresh air, a pleasant environment, and a relaxing contrast to the hustle and bustle of Guangzhou. Most of its edifices are Western in style, and were erected in the 19th century; these are now mainly preserved, and offer a taste of exotic foreign lands.
Address: Shamian Island, Liwan District, Guangzhou.
Located northeast of Guangzhou, this is one of southern China's most famous mountains, and has been known since ancient times as "Guangzhou's Leading Beauty." Baiyun Mountain is actually a mountain range comprising more than 30 peaks, extending over an area of 20.98 square kilometers. Those who make the climb are rewarded with views of the entire city as well as of the Pearl River. After rainfall in late spring or when the sun comes out, the mountains are shrouded in white mist, giving them their Chinese name of "White Cloud" (Baiyun) Mountain.
Address: Baiyunshan South Road, Guangzhong Road, Guangzhou.
The Canton Tower is 125 meters away from the southern bank of the Pearl River, and looks out across the river towards Haixinsha Island and Pearl River New City. Completed in September 2009, the Tower is 600 meters high, equivalent to 112 stories. The Canton Tower is China's tallest tower, and the world's third tallest, exceeded only by the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, UAE, and the Tokyo Skytree in Japan. The Tower is not only a major piece of infrastructure, but also a must on any sightseeing tour, providing a wealth of entertainment and cultural attractions, as well as a window on modern Guangzhou.
Address: Yuejiang W Road, Haijiang District, Guangzhou.
Shangxiajiu shopping district
Comprising Shangjiu Road, Xiajiu Road, and Dishifu Road, this is one of Guangzhou's three traditionally prosperous commercial centers. With an overall length of 1218 meters, Shangxiajiu is lined with 238 retail stores and several thousand traders.The district has a long history, gradually evolving into today's pedestrian shopping area, which combines Western and Chinese influences into its own striking, unique character.
Address: Liwan District, Guangzhou.
Tianhe commercial district
Guangzhou's Tianhe district is the city's economic hub. It is home to numerous bustling shopping areas, providing almost unlimited shopping pleasure. The Tianhecheng shopping district has numerous major department stores which are sure to sate even the most demanding of shoppers.
Address: Tianhe Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou.
Beijing Road shopping district
Located in the heart of Guangzhou, this neighborhood is one of the oldest developments in the city, and is historically its most prosperous commercial center. Its status as the center of the city and of business has remained unchanged for over 2000 years, creating a unique historical urban development, as well as providing the basis for Guangzhou's impressive historical cultural and commercial achievements.
Address: Yueziu District, Guangzhou.
Guangzhou is famous worldwide for its food culture, and is one of China's 10 great culinary capitals; the saying "Guangzhou is food" is no idle boast. Guangzhou celebrates its long and varied history of food culture with an annual Food Festival.
The Cantonese love their tea, and they particularly love to accompany it with dim sum. Older people in particular can be seen almost every morning in the tea houses, sipping a cup of tea as they read the newspaper, a picture of relaxation. Dim sum is a significant characteristic of Lingnan culture which differentiates it from other cultures. While appreciating the tea has its place, the main purpose is to enjoy some tasty dim sum, and chat. There is a wide variety of Cantonese dim sum, all beautifully produced, and each with their own particular flavor.
Recommended restaurant: Tao Tao Ju
Address: 20 Dishifu Road, Liwan District, Guangzhou.
Rice noodle roll (cheong fun)
This is a distinctive Guangzhou snack, and a favorite amongst the locals; it is also an essential on any Cantonese teahouse, restaurant, or night market menu. Rice noodle rolls are usually filled with pork, beef, shrimp, or pork liver. Cantonese noodle rolls come in two main types – cloth-rolled and drawer-style.You can find them in most snack shops, teahouses, restaurants, and hotels.
Recommended restaurant: Yinji Cheong Fun (Jiangnan W)
Address: 19-21 Jiangnan W Road, Haijiang District, Guangzhou
Braised beef brisket with carrots
Braised beef brisket with carrots is a well-known traditional Cantonese dim sum, made with white radish, fresh beef brisket, left to simmer in a well-seasoned stew. You will often smell the dish's fragrant aroma as you shop, and will almost certainly be tempted to try it.
Guangzhou provides an extensive range of public bus services, including city bus services (including night routes), Guangzhou BRT, intercity buses, airport shuttles, university shuttles, Huanan services, sightseeing routes, peak routes, Science City routes, commercial routes, and metro feeder routes.
Guangzhou's taxis come in five colors, red, yellow, blue, gold, and green, indicating the different rental companies; they all charge the same fares. Fares are metered, with a minimum fare of CNY 10 for the first 2.5 kilometers, and CNY 2.6 per kilometer thereafter.
Guangzhou Metro currently operates 9 lines (Lines 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and the Guangfo and APM lines), with an overall track length of 260.5 kilometers, and 164 stations; there are long-term plans to expand the system to a total of 751 kilometers.
Guangzhou's first water bus line began operations in 2007, linking the Fangcun, Xidi, Tianzi, and Zhongshan ferry piers.
Guangzhou has a subtropical monsoon climate, characterized by its high temperatures and frequent thunderstorms. Annual average temperatures reach 22℃, and there is high rainfall, with annual precipitation reaching 1720 mm. The hottest month of the year is July, when temperatures can reach 38.6℃; the coldest is January, at 3-4℃.