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Tbilisi

Tbilisi, Georgia's capital, is the political, economic, cultural and educational center of the country, and also an important transportation hub of the Caucasus. Built in the 4th century BC, it is located between the Great Caucasus and the Lesser Caucasus, bordered by the Kura River in eastern Georgia and situated at a strategic position on the outer Caucasus. Tbilisi is also the largest city in Georgia.

Holy Trinity Cathedral

Built between 1995 and 2004, the cathedral houses a block of buildings made up of walls, a bell tower and several chapels. With a height of nearly 100 meters, the main building is the tallest church in Georgia and can be viewed from almost every part of Tbilisi.

Address:It is located on the Elia Hill, which rises above the left bank of the Mtkvari river in Tbilisi.

Davit Gareja

With a scenery of steppe and semi-desert, it is distinct from the scenery of most parts of Georgia. In the 6th century, Davit Gareja, one of the famous 'thirteen hermit godfathers of Syria' in Georgian history, built the first monastery Lavra here as a base to promote religion in southeastern Georgia. With more and more monasteries built subsequently, it became a religious, academic and artistic center.

Address:Located at the border between Southeastern Georgia and Azerbaijan.

Freedom Square

Built in the 19th century during the reign of Russia, it was originally known as Yerevan Square. The previous Lenin Statue on the square has been replaced by the St. George and Dragon column. Most of the surrounding buildings were built in the reign of Russia and the Soviet Union, including the Tbilisi City Hall, Georgia National Gallery, Marriott Hotel and other major sites. The architectural styles coordinate with each other, the transportation is convenient around the square and different attractions gather together.

Address: Located in the center of Tbilisi and reached directly by a large number of bus lines and the subway.

Sulfur baths

Tbilisi's sulfur hot springs have a long-standing reputation. It is said that they attracted the attention of King Vakhtang Gorgasali, and that he decided to move the capital here from Mtskheta. Now the main pool is divided into two parts, with the more famous Abanotubani baths located in the lower half underground, and the Orbeliani baths located in a slightly higher place. Please be warned that due to the use of the sulfur spring, the smell of sulfur in the building is very heavy.

Address: Reached by walking to the southeast corner of the old town of Tbilisi.

In Tbilisi, the food processing industry is relatively developed. It is recommended to purchase local wine, oil, dairy products and cigarettes. Tbilisi's largest department store is located next to Freedom Square, and accommodates entertainment venues such as a cinema, cafe, bowling alley and leisure center.

As a famous holiday resort in the outer Caucasus, Georgia is well-known for its bounty of wine. In the bustling fairs, you will see many shops selling wine along the road, which is a specialty product of Georgia. When it comes to wine, every Georgian will declare proudly that this is the hometown and source of wine and that it even dates back to 8,000 years ago. They firmly believe that a few grains of grape seed fossils, which were discovered by American archaeologists, are the evidence of the earliest wine brewing. Georgians like to prepare cuisine using walnuts, spinach, fruits, poultry and various spices. They love barbecued food, and chicken with spicy salt is a favorite. Their daily dining is based on Russian cuisine. They are also quite interested in Chinese food, and commonly use a knife and fork.

Metro

Tbilisi metro came into operation on December 11 1966, and is the fourth metro system of the former Soviet Union. The metro is deep underground, and is replaced by the suburban railway when traveling from downtown to the suburbs.

Currency:Georgian lari (Lari)

Power consumption:220V/50Hz

Telephone area code:+32

Climate

Tbilisi is mainly affected by a temperate continental climate with summer rain. The climate is relatively dry. Tbilisi is suitable for traveling all year round, and the best time is spring and fall.

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