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Xi An

Xi'an was called Chang'an and Jingzhao in ancient times. It is a capital serving most dynasties, it has the longest service time and is the most influential. It is the birthplace of Chinese civilization, the cradle of the Chinese nation and an outstanding representation of Chinese culture. It ranks first among all ancient capitals of China and is the earliest capital of the eastern world. Xi'an was built over 6,000 years ago and served as the capital for over 1,200 years. In Chinese history, Xi'an served as the capital of 13 dynasties, including Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui and Tang. It served as the capital and the political, economic and cultural center of China for over 1,200 years. It is honored for its Natural History Museum, is one of the first historic cities of the world established by UNESCO, is the starting point of the Silk Road, and is also an international famous tourist destination.

Big Wild Goose Pagoda and Small Wild Goose Pagoda

Big Wild Goose Pagoda has an Indian Buddhist style of architecture, giving people a pure and honest feeling. The Temple of Thanksgiving is the most famous building in Xi'an. The monk Xuanzang was the first abbot of the temple 1,300 years ago. Small Wild Goose Pagoda, located in the Fortune Offering Temple in the south of the city, was named because it is smaller than the Big Wild Goose Pagoda in the Temple of Thanksgiving. It is a model of the earliest Miyan brick tower.

Address:Big Wild Goose Pagoda is located in the Temple of Thanksgiving 4 kilometers from the downtown area of Xi'an, and the Small Wild Goose Pagoda is located in West Friendship Road in Beilin District.

College Door

This is a road of cultural relics and calligraphy that Xi'an people are proud of. It was developed from the Guanzhong Academy that was famous in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The College Door starts from the south gate in the west and reaches the cypress woods street corner in the east. It is an ancient street that has been preserved in Xi'an, next to the Forest of Steles Museum. The street is paved in blue stone. Antique shops are lined up along the two sides of the street, mainly selling the Four Treasures of the Study, calligraphy and paintings, and folk arts and crafts. The whole street conveys an elegant cultural flavor and exquisite cultural atmosphere.

Address:College Door, Forest of Steles District, Xi'an.

Lintong Terracotta Warriors

Visitors cannot help feeling surprised, addicted, enchanted and touched when facing the terracotta warriors and horses of the Qin Dynasty. This is also one of the most important attractions of Shaanxi. There is no other place in the world where so many warriors survived for such a long time.

Address:Lintong District, Xi'an.

Shaanxi History Museum

The museum exhibits the history in seven parts: the prehistoric age from the Lantian ape-man to the First Opium War, the Zhou Dynasty, the Qin Dynasty, the Han Dynasty, the Wei-Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties, the Sui and Tang Dynasties, and the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. It is the best place to understand the Shaanxi culture. The Shaanxi History Museum itself is a Tang-style group of buildings containing the palace hall in the center surrounded by lofty towers. The buildings are simple, elegant and grand.

Address:91 East Xiaozhai Road, Wild Goose Pagoda District, Xi'an.

As an important city in northwest China, Xi'an is developing its economy rapidly. With the continuous boom of business, shopping in Xi'an is quite convenient. Shopping in Xi'an is characterized by highly concentrated shopping districts, making shopping in Xi'an easy for visitors. You can buy all the things you need, from life and travel necessities to local specialties and featured commodities, around the downtown area.

Xi'an is both a famous tourist city and a famous culinary city. In Xi'an, you can enjoy Shaanxi cuisine. In addition to the flavorsome snacks of Xi'an Hotel and the dumplings of Defachang Dumpling Restaurant and Liberation Road Dumpling Restaurant and the beef/mutton and bread pieces in soup and hourglass head bread soup, Chinese hamburgers, mutton and bread pieces in soup, Liang Pi, Hele buckwheat noodles, hourglass head, roast meat, and sweet potato noodle soup and sheep blood are famous local snacks many people are familiar with.

Qin Town Liang Pi

Qin Town Liang Pi has a history of over 200 years. It is made of rice powder. Due to its production in Qin Town in Huxian County, it is also called Qin Town Mi Pi. To make Liang Pi, water is added to rice powder to form a puree. The puree is laid onto multi-layer bamboo cages and then steamed over a strong fire. The cooked Liang Pi is thin, slim and soft, with a unique flavor. Before eating, Liang Pi is finely shredded with a guillotine that is 1 m long and over 20 cm wide. Vegetables, small bean sprouts and condiments are added. The good taste depends on the chili oil. The mixed Liang Pi is red, spicy and savory. It is very popular in Xi'an.

Address:Liang Pi stalls are found in all streets of Xi'an.

Mutton and bread pieces in soup

It is also known as beef/mutton and bread pieces in soup. It was called mutton jelly in ancient times. It has a delicious flavor brought from the Han people in the Northwest. The beef/mutton and bread pieces soup in Xi'an is the most famous. Su Shi, a famous poet in the North Song Dynasty, wrote the lines 'There is bear wax cooked in Gansu while only mutton jelly is delicious in Shaanxi'. It is well cooked with many ingredients and produces a pure taste. The meat is soft and the soup is thick, tasting fatty but not greasy. It is nutrient-rich, aromatic and appetizing and with a memorable taste. Mutton and bread pieces in soup has always been loved by people of all nationalities in Xi'an and the northwest regions. Foreign guests also like to taste it.

Recommended restaurants:Laosunjia Paomo Restaurant

Address:364 East Street, Xi'an.

Sour soup dumplings

Sour soup dumplings are a traditional snack of the Han people in Shaanxi region with a history of over 1,000 years. Lamb dumplings are put into a special sour soup for eating. The sour soup contains 13 ingredients including dried small shrimps, cooked sesame seeds, chopped coriander, chopped chives, butter, sesame oil, chicken fat, sweet vinegar and soy sauce. To make sweet vinegar, mix 30% water, star anise, fennel and cloves, heat the mixture, add brown sugar after bulbs appear and then boil the mixture for half an hour.

Recommended restaurants:Chunyi Floor

Address:15 West Xiaozhai Road, Wild Goose Pagoda District, Xi'an.

Steamed pork with rice flour

It is also called flour pork. It is made of pork belly with the skin, with rice flour and other condiments added. Steamed pork with rice flour is glutinous and fragrant, crisp and refreshing, both fat and thin, red and white, tender but not minced, and with oily rice and the thick flavor of five spices. Depending on the cooking method, steamed pork with rice flour can be spicy or sweet. Old lotus root, pumpkin, sweet potatoes and other vegetables can be used as accompanying vegetables.

Recommended restaurants:Huiwen Steamed Pork with Rice Flour

Address:1 West Street, Lianhu District, Xi'an.


It is very convenient to take the bus in Xi'an. You can get to any tourist destination by bus. However, note that some private cabs and unlicensed cabs may tout passengers claiming to be buses. The cabs are common near railway stations, bus passenger terminals and scenic spots that are far from the downtown area. When taking the bus from these places, check whether 'bus' is painted on the bus body and whether the usual route number, route chart or station list is displayed. In addition, you are advised to wait for a bus at the fixed bus stations.


In Xi'an, the starting taxi fare is 6 yuan, but 7 yuan from 23:00 to 6:00. An additional gas surcharge of 1 yuan is charged for each trip. 1.5 yuan is charged per kilometer and 2.25 yuan per kilometer after seven kilometers. If waiting, 0.75 yuan is charged per 2.5 minutes.


Currently, metro lines 1 and 2 in Xi'an are in operation. Metro lines 3 and 4 will be completed and opened in due course. In Xi'an, the subway fares are 2, 3 or 4 yuan.

Currency:RMB (CNY)

Power consumption:220 V/50 Hz

Telephone area code:+86029


Xi'an has a sub-humid warm temperate continental monsoon climate with distinct season changes. It has changeable weather in spring, is hot and rainy in summer, is cool and rainy in fall, and is cold and dry in winter with less rain and snow. In Xi'an, the lowest temperature recorded in history is -21.2℃, and the highest temperature is 43. 4℃. The annual precipitation is 522. 4–719. 5 mm, increasing from the north to the south. The annual average temperature is 13℃.


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