Melbourne is the capital of Victoria state, holding the reputation of 'Garden State' and the main industrial city of Australia. Melbourne is known for its strong cultural ambience, greenery, fashionable dress, cuisine, entertainment and sports activities. Moreover, it is also known as 'the world's most livable place'.
Federation Square is Melbourne's Exhibition Center full of vitality and passion. The word 'odd' can be used to describe the eleven buildings in the square which constitute an irregular and unparallel picture covering a large area. Their eye-catching appearance strikes people with the illusion of an unfinished framework that is built without rules. In addition to the eleven main buildings, the square also contains some open areas, which can reportedly accommodate 10,000 people. The ground of the square is slightly higher than street level with a slight inclination, which is convenient for viewing the surrounding cityscape, including the Yarra River.
Address:Corner of Swanston and Flinders St, Melbourne, Victoria 3000.
Sovereign Hill Gold Mine
Sovereign Hill, a holy land where gold diggers once flocked, is an outdoor museum vividly depicting the gold rush of last century. With the legendary history and the high tourist participation, it is not only a tourist attraction but also a journey recalling the golden times. Coming here, tourists feel they are entering into the 19th century. You can dig up gold grains in the gold river of Sovereign Hill and take pictures with actors wearing ancient costumes of the last century in the main street. In the scenic spot, the Chinese-speaking interpreters will take you to visit the underground mining area and demonstrate the whole panning process for you.
Address:90 minutes northwest of Melbourne, Ballarat, Victoria 3350.
St Patrick's Cathedral
Adjacent to Fitzroy Gardens, it is the best representation of 19th-century Gothic construction. There is a wealth of artware including delicate painted stained glass in the cathedral. Intricate wooden carvings and stonemasonry highlight the grandness and solemnity of the catholic church.
Address: 1 Cathedral Pl, East Melbourne Victoria 3002.
Located three kilometers north of downtown Melbourne, it was built in 1857 and remains the oldest zoo in Australia and even around the world. It is also one of the most well-known zoos in the world. Over 20,000 types of rare and unusual plants are cultivated in the zoo, contending in beauty and fascination with each other. The number of animals in the zoo represents 15% of the total amount of animals in Australia. Animals such as kangaroos and emus can be seen in the bush, which maintains its original look from ancient times.
Address: Elliott Avenue, Parkville, Victoria 3052.
For tourists, sheep oil, honey, fish oil and wine are popular Australian specialties. However, it is recommended to buy these products in the large supermarkets or formal drug stores for low prices, and avoid so-called tourist shops or specialty shops due to big price difference and unguaranteed quality.
Asian ruffian block
Asian ruffian blocks are pedestrian streets, where you can stroll for hours, or even days. It is impossible to refrain from the impulse to shop when you see windows displaying such fashionable clothing. Men, women and children can all find their own style here.
Address:2/27 Izett Street, Prahran, Victoria 3181.
Queen Victoria Market
There is fresh seafood and vegetables in this newly designed market. People can buy clothes, bags, toys, jewelry, avant-garde merchandise and a variety of souvenirs at incredibly low prices.
Address:513 Elizabeth Street, Melbourne, Victoria 3000.
St Kilda Seaside Bazaar
It gathers nearly 200 top artists and craftsmen from across Victoria state. I addition, there are small retail stores operated by many local artists who directly exhibit and sell artwares to the public. On Sundays, St Kilda waterfront marketplace become the destination for shopping lovers and the people seeking novelties.
Address:St Kilda Esplanade Art & Craft Market Association, PO Box 1485, St Kilda South, Victoria 3182.
You will be struck by the mixed culture of Melbourne in the various restaurants, cafes, bistros and bars. It doesn't matter whether you are seeking a modern, traditional, exotic or rustic flavor. Melbourne's eclectic dining environment can offer you a series of stunning world-class cuisines featuring both popular tastes and creative dishes.
The botanical restaurant is a relatively well-known restaurant with high-grade decorations in the South Yarra area. The simple dishes still attract a group of loyal diners.
Address:169 Domain Road, Melbourne, Victoria 3141.
This is a luxurious restaurant set in a tram. Customers can dine while enjoying the street scenes of Melbourne. The restaurant serves fine cuisine and the best Australian wines in a bar offering a variety of wines.
Address:Corner of Normanby Road and Clarendon Street, Melbourne, Victoria, 3205.
Donovans restaurant is located in a rugged seaside shack with a relaxed and pleasant environment. Restaurant service is first class. A variety of dishes with irresistible fragrance made from local specialties.
Address:40 Jacka Boulevard, St Kilda, Victoria.
In formal operation since 1855, 20 lines are currently running with a total length of 372 km and 200 stations in total. It is one of the world's largest urban rail transport systems.
The departures of the buses are relatively less often with an interval of 15–30 minutes on weekdays and one hour at the weekend. There are about 300 bus lines in Melbourne. The route number and destination are shown on the front of the buses.
The patterns on the local taxis of Melbourne feature local elements. Taxi ranks are often located on street corners. In addition, empty taxis attracting passengers are available in front of hotels. The basic fee is A$ 2 and then A$ 0.60 is charged per kilometer.
Currency Australian Dollar (AUD)
Power consumption: 240 V/50 Hz
Telephone area code+00613
Melbourne has an oceanic climate with slow temperature variations and rainfall throughout the year. However, driven by the cold blasts of air from the Indian Ocean, days with large diurnal temperature differences (over 10℃) are common in Melbourne. The coldest month is July, with an average temperature of 9.8℃; the hottest month is January, with an average temperature of 20.1℃. The extreme minimum temperature is -2.8℃ and the extreme maximum temperature is 46.4℃. Annual precipitation is around 638.6 mm.